tomact源码分析1

tomact源码分析1-简单的server实现

1.HTTP 请求

一个 HTTP 请求包括三个组成部分:

  • 方法—统一资源标识符(URI)—协议/版本
  • 请求的头部
  • 主体内容

ps:方法(7种):GET, POST,HEAD, OPTIONS, PUT, DELETE 和 TRACE。头部结束和内容之间有一个空行

examples

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POST /examples/default.jsp HTTP/1.1
Accept: text/plain; text/html
Accept-Language: en-gb
Connection: Keep-Alive
Host: localhost
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 4.01; Windows 98)
Content-Length: 33
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
lastName=Franks&firstName=Michael

2.HTTP 响应

examples:

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HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Microsoft-IIS/4.0
Date: Mon, 5 Jan 2004 13:13:33 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Last-Modified: Mon, 5 Jan 2004 13:13:12 GMT
Content-Length: 112
<html>
<head>
<title>HTTP Response Example</title>
</head>
<body>
Welcome to Brainy Software
</body>
</html>

3.socket&&ServerSocket

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public (java.lang.String host, int port)

socket类代表一个客户端套接字

serversocket是一个服务器套接字。用来等待来自客户端的连接请求。

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public ServerSocket(int port, int backLog, InetAddress bindingAddress);

4.server例子

该部分主要分为3个类。是一个最最基础的server实现。

server:

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package ex01;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.File;
public class HttpServer {
* For this package, WEB_ROOT is the "webroot" directory under the working
* directory.
* The working directory is the location in the file system
* from where the java command was invoked.
*/
public static final String WEB_ROOT =
System.getProperty("user.dir") + File.separator + "webroot";
// shutdown command
private static final String SHUTDOWN_COMMAND = "/SHUTDOWN";
// the shutdown command received
private boolean shutdown = false;
public static void main(String[] args) {
HttpServer server = new HttpServer();
System.out.println(WEB_ROOT);
server.await();
}
public void await() {
ServerSocket serverSocket = null;
int port = 8080;
try {
serverSocket = new ServerSocket(port, 1, InetAddress.getByName("127.0.0.1"));
}
catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
System.exit(1);
}
// Loop waiting for a request
while (!shutdown) {
Socket socket = null;
InputStream input = null;
OutputStream output = null;
try {
socket = serverSocket.accept();
input = socket.getInputStream();
output = socket.getOutputStream();
// create Request object and parse
Request request = new Request(input);
request.parse();
// create Response object
Response response = new Response(output);
response.setRequest(request);
response.sendStaticResource();
// Close the socket
socket.close();
//check if the previous URI is a shutdown command
shutdown = request.getUri().equals(SHUTDOWN_COMMAND);
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
continue;
}
}
}
}

request:

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package ex01;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
public class Request {
private InputStream input;
private String uri;
public Request(InputStream input) {
this.input = input;
}
public void parse() {
// Read a set of characters from the socket
StringBuffer request = new StringBuffer(2048);
int i;
byte[] buffer = new byte[2048];
try {
i = input.read(buffer);
}
catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
i = -1;
}
for (int j=0; j<i; j++) {
request.append((char) buffer[j]);
}
System.out.print(request.toString());
uri = parseUri(request.toString());
}
private String parseUri(String requestString) {
int index1, index2;
index1 = requestString.indexOf(' ');
if (index1 != -1) {
index2 = requestString.indexOf(' ', index1 + 1);
if (index2 > index1)
return requestString.substring(index1 + 1, index2);
}
return null;
}
public String getUri() {
return uri;
}
}

response:

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package ex01;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.File;
/*
HTTP Response = Status-Line
*(( general-header | response-header | entity-header ) CRLF)
CRLF
[ message-body ]
Status-Line = HTTP-Version SP Status-Code SP Reason-Phrase CRLF
*/
public class Response {
private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 1024;
Request request;
OutputStream output;
public Response(OutputStream output) {
this.output = output;
}
public void setRequest(Request request) {
this.request = request;
}
public void sendStaticResource() throws IOException {
byte[] bytes = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
FileInputStream fis = null;
try {
File file = new File(HttpServer.WEB_ROOT, request.getUri());
if (file.exists()) {
fis = new FileInputStream(file);
int ch = fis.read(bytes, 0, BUFFER_SIZE);
while (ch!=-1) {
output.write(bytes, 0, ch);
ch = fis.read(bytes, 0, BUFFER_SIZE);
}
}
else {
// file not found
String errorMessage = "HTTP/1.1 404 File Not Foundrn" +
"Content-Type: text/htmlrn" +
"Content-Length: 23rn" +
"rn" +
"<h1>File Not Found</h1>";
output.write(errorMessage.getBytes());
}
}
catch (Exception e) {
// thrown if cannot instantiate a File object
System.out.println(e.toString() );
}
finally {
if (fis!=null)
fis.close();
}
}
}